Lyme Disease

Simple Facts about Lyme Disease
About 90 percent of reported cases of Lyme disease occur in eight states in the Northeast, from Maryland to Massachusetts. New Jersey is among the states reporting the most cases.

Lyme disease is most commonly caused by a bite from a deer tick. The tick is infected with bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi. Deer ticks are tiny and attach to a person’s skin to feed from human blood.

It is important to take precautions against Lyme disease when you are in an area with dense ground cover or woods.

To prevent Lyme disease:

  • Avoid brush and leaf litter or tall grass when in the woods.
  • Wear socks, shoes and pants with the bottoms tucked into socks.
  • Wear a shirt with a snug collar, long sleeves and cuffs. Tuck into trousers.
  • Detect ticks easier by wearing light colored clothing.
  • Wash away unattached ticks by showering after an outing.
  • Examine people and pets, keeping in mind that immature ticks are as small as the size of a pinhead.
  • Consult a veterinarian for recommendations for appropriate tick control products for pets.

Ticks that have become imbedded must be removed with a pointed tweezer, getting as close to the skin as possible to remove the tick completely. The risk of infection increases if the tick is not removed properly.

Lyme disease presents as a flu-like illness with achy joints, muscle pain and headache. It is most often associated with an expanding red rash. Do not ignore these signs. Report them to your physician right away. Nearly all Lyme disease patients can be treated with antibiotics. Left untreated, Lyme disease may affect the heart, joints and nervous system.

To obtain more information about Lyme Disease:
Ticks and Lyme Disease information from Bergen County Health Services - click here.

New Jersey State Department of Health Lyme Disease Hotline - 800-792-8831

New Jersey State Department of Health and Senior Services
609-588-7500 – Shereen Semple, Epidemiologist/Lyme Disease Coordinator

To have ticks tested for the disease:
New Jersey Laboratories – ticks can be dead or alive
1110 Somerset Street
New Brunswick, NJ 08901
732-249-0148 or 1-877-TickTest

New Jersey State Department of Health and Senior Services – live ticks only

Tick and insect identification:
Rutgers Cooperative Extension of Bergen County
Dail Reid, Horticultural Consultant
1 Bergen County Plaza
Hackensack, NJ 07601
Monday through Thursday 10:00 AM – 2:00 PM


For additional information visit